Currently, the issue of damage caused by brown bears to farm animals, bee colonies, agricultural crops, fruit, forest trees and property is relatively sensitively perceived by the expert, but mainly by the lay public. However, the issue of human-bear encounters resonates the most in Slovakia.

For the reasons mentioned, there was a need and a social order in Slovakia to solve these problematic situations resulting from the coexistence of humans and bears. Since the brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a year-round protected animal, the issue is solved by the Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic through its professional organization, the State Nature Protection of the Slovak Republic.

Unsecured and easily accessible waste containing food remains is a simple source of sustenance for the bear. Residents and local government should therefore actively participate in the management of municipal waste. It is particularly important to observe the principles of municipal waste management in areas where brown bears occur. List of individual municipalities with the obligation to ensure waste according to § 18 of the Decree of the Ministry of the Interior of the SR 371/2015 Coll. can be found at this link.